Read the following passage carefully: Children’s social and cultural environments will affect the extent and use of their oral language. A

Read the following passage carefully:
Children’s social and cultural environments will affect the extent and use of their oral language. A large number of children come from homes in which English is not the primary language spoken. The most significant variation among children, however, will be in the amount and quality of their previous literacy experiences. Some children will have read regularly and will be familiar with many books and stories. Their homes are literate environments in which reading and writing occur daily and are frequently modeled, as they observe their parents and others reading newspapers, magazines, and books and writing letters, notes and lists. Such children are likely to emulate these behaviours. In contrast, other children will come to preschool or kindergarten with very different experiences. They have seen print in the environment (on street signs and food containers, for example) and on television. However, their parents have not read to them, and they have not seen reading and writing modeled functionally by adults. Effective early literacy programmes acknowledge and extend children’s previous experiences, whatever they are, and relate them to the world of print.
On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions:
Q (i). What affects the oral language of children?
Q (ii). causes ‘variation’ among children.
Q (iii). ‘Such children are likely to emulate’ Who are ‘such children’?
Q (iv). ‘They have seen print ‘They’ means?
Q (v). The word ‘containers’ means.

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